Running an experiment¶
In SpeechBrain, you can run experiments in this way:
> cd recipes/<dataset>/<task>/ > python experiment.py params.yaml
The results will be saved in the
output_folder specified in the yaml file.
The folder is created by calling
experiment.py. Both detailed logs and experiment outputs are saved there. Furthermore, less verbose logs are output to stdout.
The YAML syntax offers an elegant way to specify the hyperparameters of a recipe.
In SpeechBrain, the YAML file is not a plain list of parameters, but for each parameter, we specify the function (or class) that is using it.
This not only makes the specification of the parameters more transparent but also allows us to properly initialize all the entries by simply calling the
Let’s now take a quick look at the extended YAML features, using an example:
seed: !PLACEHOLDER output_dir: !ref results/vgg_blstm/<seed> save_dir: !ref <output_dir>/save data_folder: !PLACEHOLDER # e.g. /path/to/TIMIT model: !new:speechbrain.lobes.models.CRDNN.CRDNN output_size: 40 # 39 phonemes + 1 blank symbol cnn_blocks: 2 dnn_blocks: 2
CRDNNinstance from the module
The indented keywords (
output_sizeetc.) after it are passed as keyword arguments.
!ref <output_dir>/saveevaluates the part in angle brackets, referencing the YAML itself.
!PLACEHOLDERsimply errors out when loaded; it should be replaced by every user either by editing the yaml, or with an override (passed to
For more details on YAML and our extensions, please see our dedicated tutorial.
SpeechBrain defines a set of running arguments that can be set from the command line args (or within the YAML file).
device: set the device to be used for computation.
debug: a flag that enables debug mode, only running a few iterations to verify that program won’t crash.
data_parallel_backend: a flag that enables
data_parallelfor multigpu training on a single machine.
data_parallel_count: default “-1” (use all gpus), if > 0, use a subset of gpus available
[0, 1, ..., data_parallel_count].
distributed_launch: A flag that enables training with
ddpfor multiGPU training. Assumes
torch.distributed.launchwas used to start script. the
rankUNIX arguments are parsed.
distributed_backend: default “nccl”, options:
["nccl", "gloo", "mpi"], this backend will be used as a DDP communication protocol. See PyTorch documentation for more details.
Additional runtime arguments are documented in the Brain class.
Please note that we provide a dedicated tutorial to document the different multi-gpu training strategies:
You can also override parameters in YAML in this way:
> python experiment.py params.yaml --seed 1234 --data_folder /path/to/folder --num_layers 5
This call would override hyperparameters
The command line args will always override the hparams file args.
All the tensors within SpeechBrain are formatted using the following convention:
tensor=(batch, time_steps, channels[optional])
The batch is always the first element, and time_steps is always the second one. The remaining optional dimensions are channels. (there might be as many channels as you need).
Why do we need all tensors to have the same format? It is crucial to have a shared format for all the classes and functions. This makes model combination easier. Many formats are possible. For SpeechBrain we selected this one because it is commonly used in recurrent neural networks.
The adopted format is very flexible and allows users to read different types of data. For instance, with single-channel raw waveform signals, the tensor will be tensor=(batch, time_steps), while for multi-channel raw waveform it will be tensor=(batch, time_steps, n_channel). Beyond waveforms, this format is used for any tensor in the computation pipeline. For instance, fbank features that are formatted in this way:
(batch, time_step, n_filters)
The Short-Time Fourier Transform (STFT) tensor, instead, will be:
(batch, time_step, n_fft, 2)
where the “2” corresponds to the real and imaginary parts of the STFT. We can also read multi-channel SFT data, that will be formatted in this way:
(batch, time_step, n_fft, 2, n_audio_channels)